[ Background | Equipment | Where ]
Background of the Sport
This sport began as a way of catching food, and though it has become a sport, and it's one where you eat what you win (except for "catch & release" fishing)! The concept behind fishing is that you attach either bait or a lure to a line attached to a fishing rod, and the fish will eventually (hopefully) think its food, swallow the bait, get hooked, and you get to reel the fish in. Fishing is a relaxing sport (and requires or teaches patience), helps you to unwind, and you can enjoy your natural surroundings--at least until a fish bites.
Fishing can be done from shore, from a pier, or from a boat. The choice will depend on where you are and what kind of fish you are seeking. Once you have picked a sport, you need to select your tackle, either using bait on a hook or a lure. After attaching it to your line, you need to place the bait where you think the fish are. This is called casting, and is done by extending the line a bit and flicking the rod behind you and then forward to use inertia to get the tackle far out into the water. You then reel in the tackle, trying to mimic the movements of the animal your bait is trying to mimic.
Another popular variant on fishing is ice fishing, where you fish through a hole in the ice (often protected by a heated hut or a tent). This usually uses a shorter rod, and is popular in many parts of the country where longer winters create thick ice giving access to deepwater fishing spots to all.
It is considered sportsmanlike practice to keep only those fish you plan to eat. Return the rest for others to catch. Please respect the environment, by not littering, and by not being overly noisy. You should also make sure you comply with provincial regulations regarding fishing seasons, required permits (more on this later)
In order to go fishing you need a rod & reel and some basic tackle. There are several kinds of rod & reel for either spincasting (best for beginners) or for fly fishing. You can buy these separately, or in combination. You need to select your line to suit your fish and your rod & reel, though today monofilament made of a single strand of plastic is most prevalent. The "terminal tackle" at the fish catching end of the line may include any of a number of elements: the hook for bait or a lure, a snap swivel (particularly when using spinning lures), a sinker (to hold the hook down), a bobber (to keep it up, say above weeds). You will also need a tackle box, needlenose pliers, nail clippers, a bucket, a net (for landing the caught fish), and optionally a camera.
The choice of bait or lures depends on what you're fishing for, the time of year, your fishing philosophy, and sometimes local rules. Typical live bait includes earthworms, minnows and assorted garden "crawlers." Lures tend to be more expensive, but present several advantages: they are durable, you can pre-pack a variety to suit any fishing excursion and they are heavier making it easier to cast in windy conditions. Some of the accessories to help make your fishing trip safer and more fun include: hats (for shade), sunscreen, insect repellent, life jackets (absolutely when fishing from a boat, but also for kids along the shore), a first aid kit, and waterproof boots or waders.
Ontario Fishing Rules
You do not need a Resident Fishing License if you are under 18 or over 65 years of age, or a disabled person who is an Ontario resident. Residents require an Outdoors Card with a Fishing Sticker attached to be valid.
Non residents under the age of 18 may fish without a licence as long as they are accompanied by a licensed adult.
Non residents do not require an Outdoors Card.
$10.00 one day, $15 seasonal, $7.50 Conservation Catch.
$55 annual, $80.00 Spousal License (2 people), $35.00 7-day, $21.00 7-day Conservation Catch.
Licences for fishing in our National Parks can be purchased at park information centres, administration, campgrounds, wardens offices and some fishing shops. The cost is $13 per year, or $6 for a seven day permit for all persons.
- Claremont: Westney Rd. north of 7th Concession Rd.
- Petticoat Creek Conservation Area: Whites Rd. south of Hwy. 401
- Frenchman's Bay: West Shore Blvd. (S. end) or end of Liverpool Rd.
- Pickering Nuclear Plant: south end of Brock Rd.
- Front St. Park/Ajax Waterfront: Lake Driveway W. of Harwood Ave.
- Duffins Creek Marsh: Jodrel Park Rd. S. on Frisco Rd.
- Rotary Park/Ajax Waterfront: Lake Driveway W. west of Harwood Ave.
- Lower Duffins Creek: Public Lands N. of Hwy. 2 along Church St.
- Greenwood Conservation Area: N. of Hwy. 401 off Westney Rd
- Uxbridge Elgin Pond: Main St. at Mill St.
- Oshawa Valley Land Conservation Area: Simcoe St., S. of Hwy 401, W. to Whiting Ave.
The Kawartha lakes region of Ontario is comprised of eight lakes, namely Pigeon, Rice, Canal, Buckhorn, Stoney, Chemong, Sturgeon and Balsam.
Most of these lakes are very similar in composition, with the majority being fertile, both with weed and rock structures.
- Gannon's Narrows (located between Pigeon and Buckhorn Lake) popular for walleye
- Burleigh Falls (located on Stoney Lake) popular for walleye
- Causeway (located on Chemong Lake) popular with shorecasters and boat fishing
- Weedbeds at Red Rock Island (located on Buckhorn Lake)
- Islands east of Crowe's Landing (located on Stoney Lake) popular for walleye
- Wilmot Creek: Creek Crossing at Hwy. 2
- Wilmot Creek: Downstream of Hwy. 401 Railway Crossing
- Kendal Crown Property: Regional Road 9, E. of Hwy. 35/115.
- Joe Fowler Memorial Park: Port Perry off Water St.
- Trent Canal: Gambridge Lock 41 under Hwy. 12 Bridge
- Nonquon River: Between 8th and 12th Con.
- Bowmanville Harbour Conservation Area: Liberty St., S. of Hwy.401.
- Bowmanville Valley Conservation Area: Roenick St. S. of Hwy. 2
- Heber Down Conservation Area: Regional Rd. 23 and Hwy. 12 N.of Taunton Rd
- Lynde Shores Conservation Area: Brock St. S. of Hwy. 401
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