St John's Travel: Canada-US Customs Rules

The United States is our closest neighbour, and largest trading partner

When entering either Canada or the USA

You must have proof of citizenship, in the form of a birth certificate (with photo ID like drivers licence), voters registration card, passport, visa, or alien registration card.

Citizens and residents of some countries (other than Canadians or Americans) may require a visa before entering. Enquire with the Canadian or US embassy in your country of departure. See a complete list of Canadian embassies and consulates around the world. Keep in mind that in the post-9/11 climate, the citizens of many countries (including most western Europeans ones) must for the first time get travel visas prior to their arrival in the US. Information about US diplomatic offices in Canada.

Plan ahead if you want to take some side-rips into the US at places like Point Roberts (by Vancouver), Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, or would like to shortcut through Maine between New Brunswick and Montreal.

Crossing the Border with Children

If both parents are travelling with the children, then only birth certificates are ok. children do not need photo ID. If only one of the birth parents is travelling with the children, then you'll also need a letter from the other parent authorizing you to leave the country with the children.

Entering Canada:

The following items are prohibited by law in Canada:

Also keep in mind that:

Canadians Returning to Canada

After an absence of 24 hours or more

After an absence of 7 days or more

For more information, check out Canada Customs or Canadian Foreign Affairs web sites:

Entering the USA

If driving into the US, you will be greeted at the border by US Cutoms. If yoi are traveling by boat, United States Customs & Immigration is in major inland and coastal harbours.  If you are flying into the US from a Canadian airport, the United States Customs & Immigration has pre-clearing stations in major Canadian airports to enable immigration and customs formalities to be completed before the commencement of your trip.

Canadians who have a criminal record are not allowed into the USA, under its zero-tolerance policy.

American Residents returning to USA

After an absence under 48 hours

After 48 hours For more information check out the US Customs & Border Protection website.

NEXUS Expedited Border Crossing

This program is handy for frequent cross-border travellers or those living close to border communities. Pre-approved, low-risk travelers receive a NEXUS identification card and may use NEXUS-dedicated lanes & kiosks into the United States or Canad across with a minimum of customs & immigration questioning. NEXUS is a harmonized program (between the two countries) so applicants complete a single application and pay one fee.

Individuals may qualify to participate in NEXUS if they are a citizen or permanent resident of the United States or Canada, residing in either country, or if they are a citizen of a country other than Canada or the United States who plans to temporarily reside lawfully in Canada or the United States for the term of their NEXUS membership and who pass criminal history and law enforcement checks.

US Entry Requirements

The US's Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative" requires all travellers to the US including Canadian and US citizens to have a passport or other secure, accepted document, to enter or re-enter the United States (including those transiting the US, en route to Caribbean, Bermuda, Central and South America). Prior to 2006, Canadian citizens have not been required to present a passport to enter the US and other forms of documents have historically been accepted.

These rules will also apply to Americans visiting Canada and returning to the US, who when the new rules are implemented must have a US passport to re-enter the United States.


Some visitors may come from countries which do not have a tradition of tipping. Tips provide staff a gratuity for good or excellent service. "Tips" comes from the phrase "To Insure Prompt Service". Keep in mind that in many service industries the workers are paid a low base wage and rel;y on these tips for a significant part of their income.

Some hotels include tips or gratuities with group programs to simplify bookkeeping. This will usually include gratuities for housekeeping, bell service and food service. In a hotel, bell service should be tipped about $1 per bag, and housekeeping $1 to $5 dollars a day (in proportion to your room rate). Tip a similar proportion for taxis, or at least round fares up to the next dollar.

Visitors should know that the standard tip in restaurants is 10%-15%, with 20% for very outstanding service (a good rule of thumb is double the GST or match the HST where it exists),and 30% is not uncommon for "hero" status service. Some restaurants will automatically add 15% to the bill for larger groups (watch that you do not accidentally tip on top of the tip!).

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